It lies 245 km south of Cairo on the west bank of the Nile. It houses several important archaeological sites left by the Ancient Egyptians, which reflect a knowledge of science, refined tastes, deep perception and artistic abilites. This is beside some Roman, Coptic and Islamic monuments. The most important landmarks are:


  Beni Hassan

It is a pharaonic city that lies on the eatern bank of the Nile about 20 km south of Minia. It has 39 rock tombs with many important engravings which depict daily life during the Middle Kingdom.


  Tel El Amarna


It is the place chosen by Akhenaton on the eatern bank of the Nile to build the capital of his kingdom. for the worship of Aton which is represented by the sundisk emitting rays which end with human hands bestowing life on the universe.This area still has monuments of the temple and places where Akhenaton and his wife Nefertiti lived.

  Tuna El Gabal


It lies 7 km west of Ashmonein on the western bank of the Nile. There are cemeteries with murals decorated striking paintings, which is a blend of Pharaonic and Greek arts. The area also contains the labyrinth area which is the burial ground of god Toth.

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